With reference to the chasm between NAS and a file server, you need to remember certain fundamentals about the gamut. NAS is the acronym for network-attached storage. It is the traditional description, definition and depiction of a file server. The prime reason is that it provides and controls access to a shared file mechanism within the ambit of a network.
Driven by Microsoft Windows fraternity of servers, the file serves evolved and molded themselves into general motif servers. The main directive was to maneuver applications alongside file access. You will find that majority of NAS appliances provide access to mitigated or shared storage mechanism/systems. They do not orchestrate any applications.
The hardware concerns
A conventional PC/DIY file server caters to few concerns in the hardware ambit. This includes the time needed to assimilate the hardware alongside coping with the agony of bearing with clearances of negligible millimeters while installing a specific cage. The off-shelf parts of a computer can be affordable, but implementing the concerned parts to create a replacement server will make a lot of time.
Hardware integration glitches need abundant time. As regards the difference between NAS and file servers, it can be really frustrating and pulsating to debug a motherboard problem with SATA drives. The SATA affirmative needs a firmware update in this regard.
The auxiliary factors
Another issue that you will have to counter is the BIOS update requirement for the USB controller. These glitches will take time and it impedes the process of building your machine. It affects both the business and the consultant. You can mitigate this hardware integration fuss by employing a pre-fabricated PC, which might not be affordable.
Another issue is that incorporating a file server (PC) is that it caters to simple instance of file sharing. The pre-fab or DIY factors are immaterial in this context. Since it thrives on general components, the device consumes huge physical energy space and energy as and when compared to any embedded appliance.
The software directive
While focusing on hardware integration, the aspect of integrating or looping software becomes very important. Pertaining to a DIY server, a firm would have to dish out a minimum of 1000$ for obtaining a Windows Serve license alongside the licensing fees cost. You need this for every client access fold. In addition to this, the company would have to reduce its on-site monetary or billable hours to cope with routine, regular duties pertaining to storage administration.
Concisely, the biggest difference between NAS and a home server is that the former is more robust and potent than the latter. You can patch and update a file server or add an antivirus. This would help you to enhance its security parameters. As regards the NAS fold, the system relies on its installation precedents and parts only. Besides, a server has a propensity to maneuver in a domain, which is expandable or extendable. A server can also provide definite services like streaming, but a NAS cannot do so because it operates within a limited platform.